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Singapore

Singapore’s legal system is based on English common law. It has a two-tier court system consisting of the Subordinate Court and the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court is made up of the High Court and the Court of Appeal. Civil cases with claim amounts up to SG $ 250,000 are commenced in the Subordinate Court, while those exceeding SG $ 250,000 are commenced in the High Court.

Litigation         

A product liability claim may be pursued through an action in contract, tort and/or breach of statutory provisions, including the Sale of Goods Act. Plaintiffs can claim damages for breach of an express or implied term of a contract. Plaintiffs can bring an action in negligence against manufacturers, importers or suppliers who owe a duty of care to the plaintiff for losses or damage caused by defective products. The general rule is that damages may only be compensatory; punitive damages are not allowed. There
is no exclusion of liability for personal injury or death. Claims must be brought within six years. There is some scope for class actions or representative actions (Order 15 Rule 12 of the Rules of Court). 

Regulation        

Consumers are protected by such legislation as the Consumer Protection (Fair Trading) Act; the Consumer Protection (Trade Descriptions And Safety Requirements) Act; the Health Products Act 2007; the Sale of Goods Act; the Sale of Food Act and the Medicines Act. Offenders may be fined. In addition, they may be subject to imprisonment for a term up to three years under such legislation as the Consumer Protection (Trade Descriptions And Safety Requirements) Act, the Sale of Food Act and the Health Products Act 2007.

Product safety is monitored through national authorities and organizations such as the Agri-food and Veterinary Authority, the Health Sciences Authority and SPRING Singapore, the governmental agency dedicated to promoting Singapore’s economic growth and productivity.

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Singapore

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Note past results are not guarantees of future results. Each matter is individual and will be decided on its own facts.